Dataset: Temporal CO2-sensitivity in fish
Deployment: lab_Baumann_Gobler_SMS

Temporal CO2-sensitivity in three estuarine fish species.
Principal Investigator: 
Dr Hannes Baumann (University of Connecticut)
Co-Principal Investigator: 
Dr Christopher Gobler (Stony Brook University - SoMAS, SUNY-SB SoMAS)
Dr Hannes Baumann (University of Connecticut)
BCO-DMO Data Manager: 
Shannon Rauch (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, WHOI BCO-DMO)
Current State: 
Final no updates expected
18 Feb 2015
Version Date: 

This study quantified the separate and combined effects of low pH and low oxygen on 4 vital early life-history traits (time- to-hatch, hatching success, post-hatch survival, and growth) of 3 ecologically important estuarine fish species (Menidia beryllina, Menidia menidia, and Cyprinodon variegatus).

Offspring were exposed from the egg through the early larval stages to ideal (pHT [pH total scale] = 7.9, DO [dissolved oxygen] = 9.0 mg per L), hypoxic (DO = 1.6−2.5 mg per L), acidified (pHT = 7.4), and hypoxic + acidified (pHT = 7.4, DO = 1.6−2.5 mg per L) conditions. Hypoxia alone significantly delayed hatching of embryos by 1 to 3 days and reduced hatching success of all 3 species by 24 to 80%. Acidification alone significantly depressed the survival of M. beryllina. Acidification and hypoxia had an additive negative effect on survival of M. beryllina, a seasonal, synergistic negative effect on survival of M. menidia, and no effect on survival of C. variegatus. Acidification and hypoxia had an additive negative effect on length of larval M. beryllina, while hypoxia alone significantly reduced length of M. menidia and C. variegatus from 15 to 45%. The study's findings suggest a greater sensitivity of early life estuarine fish to low oxygen compared to low pH conditions, while also demonstrating that the co-occurrence of both stressors can yield both additive and synergistic negative effects on survival and other fitness-related traits.

This dataset provides the source data to:
Depasquale, Elizabeth; Baumann, Hannes, and Gobler, Christopher. 2015. Vulnerability of early life stage Northwest Atlantic forage fish to ocean acidification and low oxygen. Marine Ecology Progress Series in press, doi: 10.3354/meps11142

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