BIOMAPERII environmental data from the Video Plankton Recorder (VPR) data stream from RVIB Nathaniel B. Palmer cruises NBP0103 and NBP0104 in the Southern Ocean from 2001 (SOGLOBEC project)

Website: https://www.bco-dmo.org/dataset/2355
Data Type: Cruise Results
Version: 1
Version Date: 2001-12-03

Project
» U.S. GLOBEC Southern Ocean (SOGLOBEC)
» GLOBEC: Winter Distribution and Success of Southern Ocean Krill (Southern Ocean Krill)

Programs
» U.S. GLOBal ocean ECosystems dynamics (U.S. GLOBEC)
» U.S. GLOBal ocean ECosystems dynamics (U.S. GLOBEC)
ContributorsAffiliationRole
Ashjian, Carin J.Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI)Principal Investigator
Allison, DickyWoods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI BCO-DMO)BCO-DMO Data Manager

Abstract
BIOMAPERII environmental data from the Video Plankton Recorder (VPR) data stream from RVIB Nathaniel B. Palmer cruises NBP0103 and NBP0104 in the Southern Ocean from 2001 (SOGLOBEC project)


Coverage

Spatial Extent: N:-65.6567 E:-67.6572 S:-69.5241 W:-77.7672
Temporal Extent: 2001-04-29 - 2002-09-12

Dataset Description

BiomaperII Environmental data coincident with VPR data

 

These data are from the Environmental Sensing System (ESS) a component of the BIO-Optical Multi-frequency Acoustical and Physical Environmental Recorder (BIOMAPER II)1 data acquisition system.

BIOMAPERII is a towed package consisting of a number of independent observational components: a multi-frequency sonar (Acoustics) system, a video plankton recorder (VPR) system, and an environmental sensor system (ESS). The incoming ESS environmental data is split into two data streams, one to be merged with the VPR data and one to be merged with the Acoustics data. There are times when either the Acoustic or VPR systems may be turned off. Thus, there is a independent ESS data set to support the Acoustic or VPR data streams.

These are the ESS environmental data from the VPR data stream.

┬╣Wiebe, P.H., et al., 2002, BIOMAPER-II: An Integrated Instrument Platform for Coupled Biological and Physical Measurements in Coastal and Oceanic Regimes. IEEE Journal of Oceanic Engineering, 27(3):700-716.

These data are preliminary. Large outliers in the data have been removed. No comparison has been made with the data reported from the vertical CTD or water bottle stations. The depth data are very noisy because the instrument was sending out lots of spurious information and there has been no attempt to smooth it.

Any questions, contact:
Carin Ashjian, Associate Scientist
Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution
Woods Hole, MA 02543
voice: (508) 289-3457
fax: (508) 457-2169
e-mail: cashjian@whoi.edu

last updated April 20, 2006


Acquisition Description

These data are from the Environmental Sensing System (ESS) a component of the BIO -Optical Multi-frequency Acoustical and Physical Environmental Recorder (BIOMAPER II)1 data acquisition system.

BIOMAPERII is a towed package consisting of a number of independent observational components: a multi-frequency sonar (Acoustics) system, a video plankton recorder (VPR) system, and an environmental sensor system (ESS). The incoming ESS environmental data is split into two data streams, one to be merged with the VPR data and one to be merged with the Acoustics data. There are times when either the Acoustic or VPR systems may be turned off. Thus, there is a independent ESS data set to support the Acoustic or VPR data streams.

These data are preliminary. Large outliers in the data have been removed. No comparison has been made with the data reported from the vertical CTD or water bottle stations. The depth data are very noisy because the instrument was sending out lots of spurious information and there has been no attempt to smooth it.


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Parameters

ParameterDescriptionUnits
cruiseidcruise identification
yearyear, i.e. 2001, GMT
yrday0_gmt Year day where Jan 1 = year day 0, GMT YYY.Y
month_gmt month of year, GMT, i.e. 01-12
day_gmt day of month, GMT, i.e. 01-31
time_gmttime of day, GMT HHmm.m
lat latitude, negative = South degrees
lon longitude, negative = West degrees
press depth of sample/data point, reported as pressure decibars
potemp potential temperature deg.C
sal salinity, PSS dimensionless
sigma_0 potental density (sigma theta) kg/m3
flvolt fluorescence (volts 0-5) volts
light_translight transmission, reported as volts volts
depth_w water depth in meters meters


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Instruments

Dataset-specific Instrument Name
BIo-Optical Multi-frequency Acoustical and Physical Environmental Recorder II
Generic Instrument Name
BIo-Optical Multi-frequency Acoustical and Physical Environmental Recorder II
Dataset-specific Description
BIOMAPERII is a towed package consisting of a number of independent observational components
Generic Instrument Description
BIOMAPER II is a set of sensors on a long aluminum frame that resembles the tail of a World War II airplane. A research vessel tows the instrument through the water on a specialized tow cable that sends power to the sensors and brings data back to the ship. People use BIOMAPER II to learn about phytoplankton and zooplankton over areas that are too large to study with the traditional net-and-microscope method. Whereas nets can sample areas up to about 5 meters (16 feet) on a side, BIOMAPER II can record data from 500 meters (1,640 feet) or more of the water column at a time. The instrument's standard suite of sensors were chosen for studying plankton: a five-frequency sonar system, a video plankton recorder and an environmental sensor system (ESS, like the one on MOCNESS). The ESS measures water temperature, salinity, oxygen, chlorophyll and light levels. BIOMAPER II also has room for attaching other instruments for specific uses. The instrument's official name is BIOMAPER-II: the BIo-Optical Multi-frequency Acoustical and Physical Environmental Recorder. The Roman numeral II indicates that it's a redesign of the original BIOMAPER, a prototype that was invented and tested in the mid 1990s. (more information).


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Deployments

NBP0103

Website
Platform
RVIB Nathaniel B. Palmer
Report
Start Date
2001-04-24
End Date
2001-06-05
Description
Acquisition Description
These data are from the Environmental Sensing System (ESS) a component of the BIO -Optical Multi-frequency Acoustical and Physical Environmental Recorder (BIOMAPER II)1 data acquisition system. BIOMAPERII is a towed package consisting of a number of independent observational components: a multi-frequency sonar (Acoustics) system, a video plankton recorder (VPR) system, and an environmental sensor system (ESS). The incoming ESS environmental data is split into two data streams, one to be merged with the VPR data and one to be merged with the Acoustics data. There are times when either the Acoustic or VPR systems may be turned off. Thus, there is a independent ESS data set to support the Acoustic or VPR data streams. These data are preliminary. Large outliers in the data have been removed. No comparison has been made with the data reported from the vertical CTD or water bottle stations. The depth data are very noisy because the instrument was sending out lots of spurious information and there has been no attempt to smooth it.

NBP0104

Website
Platform
RVIB Nathaniel B. Palmer
Report
Start Date
2001-07-22
End Date
2001-08-31
Description
Acquisition Description
These data are from the Environmental Sensing System (ESS) a component of the BIO -Optical Multi-frequency Acoustical and Physical Environmental Recorder (BIOMAPER II)1 data acquisition system.


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Project Information

U.S. GLOBEC Southern Ocean (SOGLOBEC)


Coverage: Southern Ocean


The fundamental objectives of United States Global Ocean Ecosystems Dynamics (U.S. GLOBEC) Program are dependent upon the cooperation of scientists from several disciplines. Physicists, biologists, and chemists must make use of data collected during U.S. GLOBEC field programs to further our understanding of the interplay of physics, biology, and chemistry. Our objectives require quantitative analysis of interdisciplinary data sets and, therefore, data must be exchanged between researchers. To extract the full scientific value, data must be made available to the scientific community on a timely basis.


GLOBEC: Winter Distribution and Success of Southern Ocean Krill (Southern Ocean Krill)

Coverage: Southern Ocean


The U.S. Global Ocean Ecosystems Dynamics (U.S. GLOBEC) program has the goal of understanding and ultimately predicting how populations of marine animal species respond to natural and anthropogenic changes in climate. Research in the Southern Ocean (SO) indicates strong coupling between climatic processes and ecosystem dynamics via the annual formation and destruction of sea ice. The Southern Ocean GLOBEC Program (SO GLOBEC) will investigate the dynamic relationship between physical processes and ecosystem responses through identification of critical parameters that affect the distribution, abundance and population dynamics of target species. The overall goals of the SO GLOBEC program are to elucidate shelf circulation processes and their effect on sea ice formation and krill distribution, and to examine the factors which govern krill survivorship and availability to higher trophic levels, including penguins, seals and whales. The focus of the U.S. contribution to the international SO GLOBEC program will be on winter processes. This component will focus on juvenile and adult krill and mesozooplankton prey distribution and abundance using a sophisticated instrument package, BIOMAPPER II, which is equipped with an acoustic backscatter sonar system, a video plankton recorder and an environmental sensor system. The system is used in large-scale studies. Additionally, a remotely-operative vehicle will be used to map the distribution and behavior of krill under ice. The result of the integrated SO GLOBEC program will be to improve the predictability of living marine resources, especially with respect to local and global climatic shifts.



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Program Information

U.S. GLOBal ocean ECosystems dynamics (U.S. GLOBEC)


Coverage: Global


U.S. GLOBEC (GLOBal ocean ECosystems dynamics) is a research program organized by oceanographers and fisheries scientists to address the question of how global climate change may affect the abundance and production of animals in the sea.

The U.S. GLOBEC Program currently had major research efforts underway in the Georges Bank / Northwest Atlantic Region, and the Northeast Pacific (with components in the California Current and in the Coastal Gulf of Alaska). U.S. GLOBEC was a major contributor to International GLOBEC efforts in the Southern Ocean and Western Antarctic Peninsula (WAP).


U.S. GLOBal ocean ECosystems dynamics (U.S. GLOBEC)


Coverage: Global


U.S. GLOBEC (GLOBal ocean ECosystems dynamics) is a research program organized by oceanographers and fisheries scientists to address the question of how global climate change may affect the abundance and production of animals in the sea.

The U.S. GLOBEC Program currently had major research efforts underway in the Georges Bank / Northwest Atlantic Region, and the Northeast Pacific (with components in the California Current and in the Coastal Gulf of Alaska). U.S. GLOBEC was a major contributor to International GLOBEC efforts in the Southern Ocean and Western Antarctic Peninsula (WAP).



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Funding

Funding SourceAward
NSF Antarctic Sciences (NSF ANT)

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