Nutrient Analysis: Nitrate, Nitrite, Silicate, Phosphate and Ammonium from R/V New Horizon cruise NH1008 in Monterey Bay, near MBARI buoy M1 (36.747?N, 122.022?W); 2010 (GATEKEEPERS project)

Website: https://www.bco-dmo.org/dataset/3722
Version: 20 September 2012
Version Date: 2012-09-20

Project
» Zooplankton feeding at the base of the particle maximum: Gatekeepers of the Vertical Flux? (GATEKEEPERS)
ContributorsAffiliationRole
Checkley, David M.University of California-San Diego (UCSD-SIO)Principal Investigator, Contact
Dagg, MichaelLouisiana Universities Marine Consortium (LUMCON)Co-Principal Investigator
Jackson, George A.Texas A&M University (TAMU)Co-Principal Investigator
Gegg, Stephen R.Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI BCO-DMO)BCO-DMO Data Manager


Dataset Description

The phytoplankton macro nutrients nitrate, nitrite, silicate, phosphate and ammonium were analyzed in seawater using a colorimetric assay in which light absorbance is measured versus known standards.


Acquisition Description


Processing Description

Nutrient Methods

ANAL	1008NH.ANL			
RUN 	check1.RUN			
DATE	7/29/2010			
TIME	9:15:18			
OPER	dgs			
COMM	Checkley-New Horizon July2010			
				
Dissolved oxygen samples				
Collected July2010 New Horizon Checkley 				
Analyzed @ Isaacs Hall 28July2010				
Flask	Volume (mL)	Draw Temp C	Concentration (mL/L)	
1071	149.1		10.7		3.38	
1178	142.41		12		5.55	

 

BCO-DMO Processing/Edits
- Generated from original file "checkley_july2010-1.xls" contributed by Jessica Forrest-Baldini
- CTD UTC Date, UTC Time, Lat, Lon inserted from CTD station data (CTD headers)
- PDT Date reformatted to YYYYMMDD
- Parameter names modified to conform to BCO-DMO conventions (blanks to underscores, etc.)
- Parameter "Sample_Number" assigned to column of numbers associated with the samples
- "nd" (no data) inserted in black cells


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Parameters

ParameterDescriptionUnits
CTD_CastCTD Cast Number/Id Dimensionless
Our_StationStation Number Dimensionless
ISO_DateTime_UTCCTD Date/Time from Header File (UTC) ISO formatted YYYY-MM-DDTHH:MM:SS.xxZ
DateCTD Date from Header File (UTC) YYYYMMDD
TimeCTD Time from Header File (UTC) HHMMSS
LatitudeCTD Latitude from Header File (South is negative) decimal degrees
LongitudeCTD Longitude from Header File (West is negative) decimal degrees
CTD_Start_DateCTD Start Date (PDT) YYYYMMDD
CTD_Start_TimeCTD Start Time (PDT) HHMM
CTD_Recorded_TimeCTD Recorded Time (PDT) HHMM
DepthSample Depth meters
Sample_NumberSample Number Dimensionless
NO3Nitrate umol/L
PO4Phosphate umol/L
SILSilicate umol/L
NO2Nitrite umol/L
NH4Ammonia umol/L


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Instruments

Dataset-specific Instrument Name
Niskin bottle
Generic Instrument Name
Niskin bottle
Generic Instrument Description
A Niskin bottle (a next generation water sampler based on the Nansen bottle) is a cylindrical, non-metallic water collection device with stoppers at both ends. The bottles can be attached individually on a hydrowire or deployed in 12, 24, or 36 bottle Rosette systems mounted on a frame and combined with a CTD. Niskin bottles are used to collect discrete water samples for a range of measurements including pigments, nutrients, plankton, etc.

Dataset-specific Instrument Name
Nutrient Autoanalyzer
Generic Instrument Name
Nutrient Autoanalyzer
Dataset-specific Description
Seal Analytical continuous-flow AutoAnalyzer 3 (AA3)  
Generic Instrument Description
Nutrient Autoanalyzer is a generic term used when specific type, make and model were not specified. In general, a Nutrient Autoanalyzer is an automated flow-thru system for doing nutrient analysis (nitrate, ammonium, orthophosphate, and silicate) on seawater samples.

Dataset-specific Instrument Name
CTD Sea-Bird SBE 911plus
Generic Instrument Name
CTD Sea-Bird SBE 911plus
Generic Instrument Description
The Sea-Bird SBE 911plus is a type of CTD instrument package for continuous measurement of conductivity, temperature and pressure. The SBE 911plus includes the SBE 9plus Underwater Unit and the SBE 11plus Deck Unit (for real-time readout using conductive wire) for deployment from a vessel. The combination of the SBE 9plus and SBE 11plus is called a SBE 911plus. The SBE 9plus uses Sea-Bird's standard modular temperature and conductivity sensors (SBE 3plus and SBE 4). The SBE 9plus CTD can be configured with up to eight auxiliary sensors to measure other parameters including dissolved oxygen, pH, turbidity, fluorescence, light (PAR), light transmission, etc.). more information from Sea-Bird Electronics


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Deployments

NH1008

Website
Platform
R/V New Horizon
Report
Start Date
2010-07-08
End Date
2010-07-25
Description
Collaborative Research: Zooplankton at the Base of the Particle Maximum: Gatekeepers of the Vertical Flux?: Deployment and recovery of SOLOPCs in Monterey Bay, plus CTD and MOCNESS deployments in Monterey Bay Cruise information and original data are available from the NSF R2R data catalog. Figure 1. R/V New Horizon Cruise NH1008 GATEKEEPERS [click on the image to view a larger version]


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Project Information

Zooplankton feeding at the base of the particle maximum: Gatekeepers of the Vertical Flux? (GATEKEEPERS)


Coverage: Monterey Bay, CA and waters offshore


Zooplankton feeding at the base of the particle maximum: Gatekeepers of the Vertical Flux?

A range of observations suggest that zooplankton act as gatekeepers for material leaving the euphotic zone. This study will investigate the interactions of zooplankton with other particles using a suite of autonomous and tethered instruments in conjunction with finescale water sampling. The SOLOPC (Sounding Oceanographic Observer with Laser Optical Plankton Counter) will be the autonomous instrument and provide hourly profiles of zooplankton and other particles. Previous sampling with the SOLOPC indicated a diel cycle of production and abundance of particles in the euphotic zone and their sinking and consumption, presumably by zooplankton observed at the base of the particle abundance maximum. The SOLOPC senses particles, including zooplankton and aggregates, and measures their equivalent spherical diameters which can be used to compute particle size spectra. However, it is difficult to use the SOLOPC to distinguish among particle types, such as copepods, larvaceans, and aggregates, particularly if they are small. The research will include an intensive field study that will take place in Monterey Bay and use adaptive sampling to observe near SOLOPCs with a new, AUV-borne imaging system, ship-based CTD and MOCNESS sampling, and MBARI's ROV Ventana. The investigators will alter a SOLOPC to be stationary relative to an isopycnal and use the particle counts that it accumulates to calculate a flux spectrum. They will combine the flux and concentration spectra to estimate particle sinking velocities as a function of particle diameter. Zooplankton feeding in the water column will be estimated by analyzing the gut fluorescence of animals caught in zooplankton nets and by counting the distribution of fecal pellets in water samples. Results will enhance the understanding of the role of the zooplankton as gatekeepers in the vertical flux of particles and, hence, the biological pump. The study will also provide new insight into factors that affect zooplankton behavior and ecology.

Collaborating institutions include SIO, TAMU, LUMCON, MBARI, BIO, and Université Paris VI. The SOLOPC, modified to measure flux as well as profile, and REFLICS are intended for acquisition and use by other researchers worldwide. The understanding we gain of role of the zooplankton as gatekeepers of the vertical flux will contribute valuably to understanding of the biological pump and the carbon cycle.

PUBLICATIONS PRODUCED AS A RESULT OF THIS RESEARCH
Jackson, GA and DM Checkley Jr. "Particle size distributions in the upper 100 m water column and their implications for animal feeding in the plankton," Deep-Sea Research, 2011.

Figure 1. R/V New Horizon Cruise NH1008 GATEKEEPERS
[click on the image to view a larger version]



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Funding

Funding SourceAward
NSF Division of Ocean Sciences (NSF OCE)
NSF Division of Ocean Sciences (NSF OCE)
NSF Division of Ocean Sciences (NSF OCE)

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