Dataset:CTD measurements from three mesocosms located near Hawaii and surrounding Pacific waters from Dec 6-11, 2011CTD - BAG 1 from R/V Ka'imikai-O-Kanaloa KOK1115 in the Near Kona, Hawaii from December 2011 (C-MORE project)
Project(s):Center for Microbial Oceanography: Research and Education (C-MORE)
Description:CTD - BAG 1

CTD measurements from three mesocosms located near Hawaii as well as the surrounding Pacific waters from Dec 6-11, 2011. The first mesocosm (BAG-1A) was a control. The following nutrients were added to the other two mesocosms (BAG-1B and BAG-1C): N, Si, trace metals and vitamins. In addition, phosphorus was added to BAG-1C only.

Acquisition Description:

# Laboratory for Microbial Oceanography
# David Karl
# date ingested into BCO-DMO: March 17 2015

Project Information

Center for Microbial Oceanography: Research and Education

Project summary The Center for Microbial Oceanography: Research and Education (C-MORE) is a recently established (August 2006; NSF award: EF-0424599) NSF-sponsored Science and Technology Center designed to facilitate a more comprehensive understanding of the diverse assemblages of microorganisms in the sea, ranging from the genetic basis of marine microbial biogeochemistry including the metabolic regulation and environmental controls of gene expression, to the processes that underpin the fluxes of carbon, related bioelements and energy in the marine environment. Stated holistically, C-MORE's primary mission is: Linking Genomes to Biomes. We believe that the time is right to address several major, long-standing questions in microbial oceanography. Recent advances in the application of molecular techniques have provided an unprecedented view of the structure, diversity and possible function of sea microbes. By combining these and other novel approaches with more well-established techniques in microbiology, oceanography and ecology, it may be possible to develop a meaningful predictive understanding of the ocean with respect to energy transduction, carbon sequestration, bioelement cycling and the probable response of marine ecosystems to global environmental variability and climate change. The strength of C-MORE resides in the synergy created by bringing together experts who traditionally have not worked together and this, in turn, will facilitate the creation and dissemination of new knowledge on the role of marine microbes in global habitability. The new Center will design and conduct novel research, broker partnerships, increase diversity of human resources, implement education and outreach programs, and utilize comprehensive information about microbial life in the sea. The Center will bring together teams of scientists, educators and community members who otherwise do not have an opportunity to communicate, collaborate or design creative solutions to long-term ecosystem scale problems. The Center's research will be organized around four interconnected themes: (Theme I) microbial biodiversity, (Theme II) metabolism and C-N-P-energy flow, (Theme III) remote and continuous sensing and links to climate variability, and (Theme IV) ecosystem modeling, simulation and prediction.   Each theme will have a leader to help coordinate the research programs and to facilitate interactions among the other related themes. The education programs will focus on pre-college curriculum enhancements, in service teacher training and formal undergraduate/graduate and post-doctoral programs to prepare the next generation of microbial oceanographers. The Center will establish and maintain creative outreach programs to help diffuse the new knowledge gained into society at large including policymakers. The Center's activities will be dispersed among five partner institutions: Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute, University of California at Santa Cruz and Oregon State University and will be coordinated at the University of Hawaii at Manoa. Related Files: Strategic plan (PDF file)

Deployment Information

Deployment description for R/V Ka`imikai-O-Kanaloa KOK1115

BAG EM UP (Biogeochemistry and Genomes (BAG-1) Mesocosm Experiment: Experimental Long term ocean ecology characterization is predicated on a variety of in situ shorter term experiments and field exercises. These shorter term experiments can be generally classed in one of two ways. The first way of approach is to observe or capture physical or biogeochemical ocean events that are short term in duration or in location. We would consider the use of the research vessel or autonomous vehicle, or sediment trap part of this first approach. The second type of experiment is also an in situ approach, where one perturbs a “subset” of the natural ecosystem by manipulating or isolating various features (and/or processes) to test a hypothesis. This is illustrated with the use of instruments such as the wave pump (transport mechanism) or with our current effort to utilize a system of larger ‘bags’ called mesocosms (larger volume subset ) to induce a phytoplankton response. Historically, the mesocosm is akin to the use of lakes or ponds to test the growth response (negative or positive) of an ecosystem when artificially exposed to a variety of chemical substances. The mesocosm does enclose a larger mass of water but it is different from a pond or lake, in that the ratio of the vertical depth (benthic) to the horizontal affords the user unique opportunities to simulate depth or measure stratified characteristics of plankton communities. In this particular cruise experiment, IFM‐GEOMAR and C‐MORE are partnering together to utilize three mesocosms in the open ocean to study the biogeochemical effects to Deep Sea Water (DSW) nutrient additions. This exercise has both engineering and scientific components. The first part is to test the feasibility of deploying and successfully maintaining large scale mesocosms in the open ocean. This mesocosm design has been successfully used in the Arctic region: Ny‐Alosund | Svalbard, so our goal is to extend its usage into more potential hostile conditions. The second part is to measure the surface response of the phytoplankton when deep water macro and micro nutrients are added in. Website Introduction Post Cruise Summary Cruise Log Bridge Log Cast Sheets

Instrument Information

Instrument CTD SBE 911plus
Description local description not specified
Generic Instrument Name CTD Sea-Bird SBE 911plus
Generic Instrument Description The Sea-Bird SBE 911plus is a type of CTD instrument package for continuous measurement of conductivity, temperature and pressure. The SBE 911plus includes the SBE 9plus Underwater Unit and the SBE 11plus Deck Unit (for real-time readout using conductive wire) for deployment from a vessel. The combination of the SBE 9plus and SBE 11plus is called a SBE 911plus. The SBE 9plus uses Sea-Bird's standard modular temperature and conductivity sensors (SBE 3plus and SBE 4). The SBE 9plus CTD can be configured with up to eight auxiliary sensors to measure other parameters including dissolved oxygen, pH, turbidity, fluorescence, light (PAR), light transmission, etc.). more information from Sea-Bird Electronics