Relative abundance of phyla from Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary, 2009-2013

Website: https://www.bco-dmo.org/dataset/674449
Data Type: experimental
Version: 2
Version Date: 2021-08-06

Project
» Cascading interactions of herbivore loss and nutrient enrichment on coral reef macroalgae, corals, and microbial dynamics (HERBVRE)
ContributorsAffiliationRole
Burkepile, DeronFlorida International University (FIU)Principal Investigator
Vega Thurber, RebeccaFlorida International University (FIU)Co-Principal Investigator
Copley, NancyWoods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI BCO-DMO)BCO-DMO Data Manager
Rauch, ShannonWoods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI BCO-DMO)BCO-DMO Data Manager

Abstract
This dataset contains relative abundance data of phyla for the study plots at Pickles Reef, Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary from 2009-2013. Published in Nature Communications (2016) doi:10.1038/ncomms11833, Supplementary Data 2c.


Coverage

Spatial Extent: Lat:24.9943 Lon:-80.4065
Temporal Extent: 2009-06-22 - 2013-08-17

Dataset Description

This dataset contains relative abundance data of phyla for the study plots at Pickles Reef, Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary from 2009-2013. Published in Nature Communications (2016) doi:10.1038/ncomms11833, Supplementary Data 2c.

Natural history of the study site:
This experiment was conducted in the area of Pickles Reef (24.99430, -80.40650), located east of Key Largo, Florida in the United States. The Florida Keys reef tract consists of a large bank reef system located approximately 8 km offshore of the Florida Keys, USA, and paralleling the island chain. Our study reef is a 5-6 m deep spur and groove reef system within this reef tract. The reefs of the Florida Keys have robust herbivorous fish populations and are relatively oligotrophic. Coral cover on most reefs in the Florida Keys, including our site, is 5-10%, while macroalgal cover averages ~15%, but ranges from 0-70% depending on location and season. Parrotfishes (Scaridae) and surgeonfishes (Acanthuridae) are the dominant herbivores on these reefs as fishing for them was banned in 1981. The other important herbivore on Caribbean reefs, the urchin Diadema antillarum, remains at low densities across the Florida Keys following the mass mortality event in 1982-3.

Related Reference:
Zaneveld, J.R., D.E. Burkepile, A.A. Shantz, C. Pritchard, R. McMinds, J. Payet, R. Welsh, A.M.S. Correa, N.P. Lemoine, S. Rosales, C.E. Fuchs, and R. Vega Thurber (2016) Overfishing, nutrient pollution, and temperature interact to disrupt coral reefs down to microbial scales. Nature Communications 7:11833 doi:10.1038/ncomms11833 Supplementary Information


Processing Description

BCO-DMO Processing:
- added conventional header with dataset name, PI name, version date;
- modified parameter names to conform with BCO-DMO naming conventions;
- reduced decimal places of lat/lon from 6 to 5 and abundances from 9 to 4 digits in consideration of sampling precision methods;
- reformatted date from m/d/yyyy to ISO_Date: yyyy-mm-dd;
- replaced 'unknown' with 'nd' ('no data').


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Related Publications

Zaneveld, J. R., Burkepile, D. E., Shantz, A. A., Pritchard, C. E., McMinds, R., Payet, J. P., … Thurber, R. V. (2016). Overfishing and nutrient pollution interact with temperature to disrupt coral reefs down to microbial scales. Nature Communications, 7(1). doi:10.1038/ncomms11833
Results

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Related Datasets

IsRelatedTo
Burkepile, D., Vega Thurber, R. (2021) Benthic community composition at Pickles Reef, Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary from 2009-2013. Biological and Chemical Oceanography Data Management Office (BCO-DMO). (Version 2) Version Date 2021-08-06 doi:10.26008/1912/bco-dmo.674368.2 [view at BCO-DMO]
Burkepile, D., Vega Thurber, R. (2021) Microbial sample metadata, sequencing and treatment details, temperature and salinity at Pickles Reef, Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary from 2009-2012. Biological and Chemical Oceanography Data Management Office (BCO-DMO). (Version 2) Version Date 2021-08-06 doi:10.26008/1912/bco-dmo.674321.2 [view at BCO-DMO]
Burkepile, D., Vega Thurber, R. (2021) Parrotfish bite annotations from Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary, 2009-2013. Biological and Chemical Oceanography Data Management Office (BCO-DMO). (Version 2) Version Date 2021-08-06 doi:10.26008/1912/bco-dmo.674439.2 [view at BCO-DMO]

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Parameters

ParameterDescriptionUnits
sample_location_namename of sample collection reef unitless
latitudelatitude; north is positive decimal degrees
longitudelongitude; east is positive decimal degrees
SampleIDsample identifier unitless
date_collecteddate of collection formatted at yyyy-mm-dd unitless
Unassigned__Othertaxon not assigned or not one of the listed taxa unitless
k_Archaea__p_Crenarchaeotarelative abundance of kingdom: Archaea; phylum: Crenarchaeota proportion
k_Archaea__p_Euryarchaeotarelative abundance of kingdom: Archaea; phylum: Euryarchaeota proportion
k_Archaea__p_Parvarchaeotarelative abundance of kingdom: Archaea; phylum: Parvarchaeota proportion
k_Bacteria__Otherrelative abundance of kingdom: Bacteria; Other proportion
k_Bacteria__prelative abundance of kingdom: Bacteria; proportion
k_Bacteria__p_Acidobacteriarelative abundance of kingdom: Bacteria; phylum: Acidobacteria proportion
k_Bacteria__p_Actinobacteriarelative abundance of kingdom: Bacteria; phylum: Actinobacteria proportion
k_Bacteria__p_AncK6relative abundance of kingdom: Bacteria; phylum: AncK6 proportion
k_Bacteria__p_Aquificaerelative abundance of kingdom: Bacteria; phylum: Aquificae proportion
k_Bacteria__p_Armatimonadetesrelative abundance of kingdom: Bacteria; phylum: Armatimonadetes proportion
k_Bacteria__p_BHI80_139relative abundance of kingdom: Bacteria; phylum: BHI80_139 proportion
k_Bacteria__p_BRC1relative abundance of kingdom: Bacteria; phylum: BRC1 proportion
k_Bacteria__p_Bacteroidetesrelative abundance of kingdom: Bacteria; phylum: Bacteroidetes proportion
k_Bacteria__p_Caldithrixrelative abundance of kingdom: Bacteria; phylum: Caldithrix proportion
k_Bacteria__p_Chlamydiaerelative abundance of kingdom: Bacteria; phylum: Chlamydiae proportion
k_Bacteria__p_Chlorobirelative abundance of kingdom: Bacteria; phylum: Chlorobi proportion
k_Bacteria__p_Chloroflexirelative abundance of kingdom: Bacteria; phylum: Chloroflexi proportion
k_Bacteria__p_Cyanobacteriarelative abundance of kingdom: Bacteria; phylum: Cyanobacteria proportion
k_Bacteria__p_Deferribacteresrelative abundance of kingdom: Bacteria; phylum: Deferribacteres proportion
k_Bacteria__p_Elusimicrobiarelative abundance of kingdom: Bacteria; phylum: Elusimicrobia proportion
k_Bacteria__p_Fibrobacteresrelative abundance of kingdom: Bacteria; phylum: Fibrobacteres proportion
k_Bacteria__p_Firmicutesrelative abundance of kingdom: Bacteria; phylum: Firmicutes proportion
k_Bacteria__p_Fusobacteriarelative abundance of kingdom: Bacteria; phylum: Fusobacteria proportion
k_Bacteria__p_GN02relative abundance of kingdom: Bacteria; phylum: GN02 proportion
k_Bacteria__p_GN04relative abundance of kingdom: Bacteria; phylum: GN04 proportion
k_Bacteria__p_Gemmatimonadetesrelative abundance of kingdom: Bacteria; phylum: Gemmatimonadetes proportion
k_Bacteria__p_KSB3relative abundance of kingdom: Bacteria; phylum: KSB3 proportion
k_Bacteria__p_LCP_89relative abundance of kingdom: Bacteria; phylum: LCphylum: 89 proportion
k_Bacteria__p_Lentisphaeraerelative abundance of kingdom: Bacteria; phylum: Lentisphaerae proportion
k_Bacteria__p_NKB19relative abundance of kingdom: Bacteria; phylum: NKB19 proportion
k_Bacteria__p_Nitrospiraerelative abundance of kingdom: Bacteria; phylum: Nitrospirae proportion
k_Bacteria__p_OD1relative abundance of kingdom: Bacteria; phylum: OD1 proportion
k_Bacteria__p_OP1relative abundance of kingdom: Bacteria; phylum: OP1 proportion
k_Bacteria__p_OP3relative abundance of kingdom: Bacteria; phylum: OP3 proportion
k_Bacteria__p_OP8relative abundance of kingdom: Bacteria; phylum: OP8 proportion
k_Bacteria__p_PAUC34frelative abundance of kingdom: Bacteria; phylum: PAUC34f proportion
k_Bacteria__p_Planctomycetesrelative abundance of kingdom: Bacteria; phylum: Planctomycetes proportion
k_Bacteria__p_Proteobacteriarelative abundance of kingdom: Bacteria; phylum: Proteobacteria proportion
k_Bacteria__p_SAR406relative abundance of kingdom: Bacteria; phylum: SAR406 proportion
k_Bacteria__p_SBR1093relative abundance of kingdom: Bacteria; phylum: SBR1093 proportion
k_Bacteria__p_SR1relative abundance of kingdom: Bacteria; phylum: SR1 proportion
k_Bacteria__p_Spirochaetesrelative abundance of kingdom: Bacteria; phylum: Spirochaetes proportion
k_Bacteria__p_TM6relative abundance of kingdom: Bacteria; phylum: TM6 proportion
k_Bacteria__p_TM7relative abundance of kingdom: Bacteria; phylum: TM7 proportion
k_Bacteria__p_Tenericutesrelative abundance of kingdom: Bacteria; phylum: Tenericutes proportion
k_Bacteria__p_Verrucomicrobiarelative abundance of kingdom: Bacteria; phylum: Verrucomicrobia proportion
k_Bacteria__p_WPS_2relative abundance of kingdom: Bacteria; phylum: WPS_2 proportion
k_Bacteria__p_WS2relative abundance of kingdom: Bacteria; phylum: WS2 proportion
k_Bacteria__p_WS3relative abundance of kingdom: Bacteria; phylum: WS3 proportion
k_Bacteria__p_WS5relative abundance of kingdom: Bacteria; phylum: WS5 proportion
k_Bacteria__p_WWE1relative abundance of kingdom: Bacteria; phylum: WWE1 proportion
k_Bacteria__p_ZB3relative abundance of kingdom: Bacteria; phylum: ZB3 proportion
k_Bacteria__p_Caldithrix_mayberelative abundance of kingdom: Bacteria; phylum: Caldithrix_maybe proportion
k_Bacteria__p_Thermi_mayberelative abundance of kingdom: Bacteria; phylum: Thermi_maybe proportion


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Instruments

Dataset-specific Instrument Name
Generic Instrument Name
Camera
Generic Instrument Description
All types of photographic equipment including stills, video, film and digital systems.


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Deployments

Burkepile_FL_Keys

Website
Platform
Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary
Start Date
2009-06-01
End Date
2012-08-31
Description
Herbivore effects on reef algae


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Project Information

Cascading interactions of herbivore loss and nutrient enrichment on coral reef macroalgae, corals, and microbial dynamics (HERBVRE)

Coverage: Key Largo, Florida Keys, USA; N 24.99430, W 080.40650


Description from NSF award abstract:
Coral reefs in the Caribbean Sea are undergoing unprecedented declines in coral cover due in large part to climate change, pollution, and reductions in fish biodiversity and abundance. Macroalgae have become abundant on reefs, probably due to decreases in herbivory (e.g., through overfishing) and increases in anthropogenic inputs of nutrients. The spread of macroalgae has negative feedbacks on reef recovery because algae are often superior competitors and suppress growth of both adult and juvenile corals. A majority of reef studies to date have focused on how stressors affect macroorganisms, while relatively few have investigated how these stressors and the resultant algal-dominated states affect microorganisms. Yet, coral reef-associated microbes play significant roles in coral reef ecosystems through biogeochemical cycling and disease. Since microbes are important mutualists of corals as well as potential pathogens, it is important to understand the mechanisms that control their taxonomic and functional diversity.

The goal of this proposal is to quantify how alterations of top-down (removal of herbivorous fish) and bottom-up (inorganic nutrient addition) forces alter macrobial as well as microbial dynamics on coral reefs in order to understand the mechanisms that reinforce coral-depauperate reef systems. This work asks two main questions:

Q1. How do nutrient enrichment and herbivore removal interact to affect benthic algal abundance, coral-algal interactions, and coral survivorship and growth?

Q2. How do nutrient enrichment and herbivore removal affect bacterial abundance, taxonomic diversity, and functional diversity on and within corals?

The proposed research will directly and empirically address many of the current hypotheses about how bottom-up and top-down forces alter reef dynamics. The PIs will investigate: (1) the impact of multiple stressors over several years; (2) impacts on multiple levels of biological organization (from fishes to algae to microbes); and (3) the mechanisms underlying changes in algal-coral microbe interactions. Significantly, the approach will provide the statistical power necessary to distinguish between seasonal- and stress-induced changes in macro- and microbial diversity.

Resulting Publication:
Zaneveld, J.R., D.E. Burkepile, A.A. Shantz, C. Pritchard, R. McMinds, J. Payet, R. Welsh, A.M.S. Correa, N.P. Lemoine, S. Rosales, C.E. Fuchs, and R. Vega Thurber (2016) Overfishing, nutrient pollution, and temperature interact to disrupt coral reefs down to microbial scales. Nature Communications 7:11833 doi:10.1038/ncomms11833.
Access to data via Supplementary Information.



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Funding

Funding SourceAward
NSF Division of Ocean Sciences (NSF OCE)

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