Data collected daily along the ship track in JGOFS format from ARSV Laurence M. Gould and RVIB Nathaniel B. Palmer cruises to the Southern Ocean from 2001-2003 as part of the Southern Ocean GLOBEC project.

Website: https://www.bco-dmo.org/dataset/2345
Data Type: Cruise Results
Version: 2
Version Date: 2020-03-17

Project
» U.S. GLOBEC Southern Ocean (SOGLOBEC)

Program
» U.S. GLOBal ocean ECosystems dynamics (U.S. GLOBEC)
ContributorsAffiliationRole
Beardsley, Robert CWoods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI)Chief Scientist
Costa, Daniel P.University of California-San Diego (UCSD-SIO)Chief Scientist
Limeburner, RichardWoods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI)Chief Scientist
Torres, Joseph J.University of South Florida (USF)Chief Scientist
Wiebe, Peter H.Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI)Chief Scientist
Allison, DickyWoods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI BCO-DMO)BCO-DMO Data Manager

Abstract
Data collected daily along the ship track in JGOFS format from ARSV Laurence M. Gould and RVIB Nathaniel B. Palmer cruises to the Southern Ocean from 2001-2003 as part of the Southern Ocean GLOBEC project


Coverage

Spatial Extent: N:-52.3501 E:-58.7055 S:-70.6348 W:-77.7756
Temporal Extent: 2001-03-18 - 2002-09-16

Dataset Description

Environmental and Navigational Data from the Ship's Monitoring Systems,
Reported along the Ship's Track

This along track (JGOFS) data set was obtained primarily by applying calibrations to raw data and decimating to whole minute intervals. Several fields are derived measurements from more than an single raw input. For example, Course Made Good (cmg) and Speed Over Ground (sog) are calculated from gyro and GPS inputs.

Cruises often used "9.99" or "9999" to indicate bad data. Those numbers were changed to 'nd'. Not all bad data were flagged in this way however. Users of these data are encouraged to read the Data Report (found at the Directory Level of this system under "Inventory" then under "project/cruise id", and then under "data report") in order to be aware of bad data points that are not indicated by "9"s and therefore remain in the dataset.

Questions regarding this data set should be directed to:
Bob Groman
GLOBEC Data Management Office
Woods Hole Oceanographic Inst.
Woods Hole, MA 02543

Phone: 508 548 1400
E-mail: rgroman@whoi.edu

Last updated March 15, 2006


Acquisition Description

Along track data, including CTD, MET and navigation information.


Processing Description

This along track (JGOFS) data set was obtained primarily by applying calibrations to raw data and decimating to whole minute intervals. Several fields are derived measurements from more than an single raw input. For example, Course Made Good (cmg) and Speed Over Ground (sog) are calculated from gyro and GPS inputs.Cruises often used '9.99' or '9999' to indicate bad data. Those numbers were changed to 'nd'. Not all bad data were flagged in this way however.

Version 2: Some erroneous coordinates were discovered. The latitude and longitude values 999.99 and 0.0000 were changed to 'nd' to indicate bad data. Added ISO_DateTime_UTC field.


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Parameters

ParameterDescriptionUnits
cruiseid Cruise id, e.g. NBP0202, for Nathaniel B. Palmer cruise 0202
date_gmtmonth, day, year (GMT time) e.g. mar18 2002, format: MMMdd_yyyy unitless
time_gmt time GMT, 24 hour clock decimal hours
latLatitude, negative = South decimal degrees
lonLongitude, negative = West decimal degrees
sog Speed over ground knots
gps_hdopHorizontal Dilution of Position is an indicator of the precision of the GPS measurement. The lower the number, the more precise the position. -
head The ship's heading, measured by the Gyroscope. Degrees(azimuth)
cmg Course made good: the course actually achieved on the chart (map), after making allowances for wind direction and currents. Degrees(azimuth)
PAR downwelled Photosynthetically Available Radiation 400-700nm (PAR), sensor package mounted on ship's science mast. uE/m2/sec
temp_ss Sea surface temperature degrees C
cond_ss Sea surface conductivity siemens/meter
sal_ss Sea surface salinity dimensionless
depth_w Depth of water, uncorrected meters
wind_speed_c Wind speed (true, corrected for ship motion) meters/sec
wind_dir_c Wind direction (true, corrected for ship motion) degrees(azimuth)
temp_air Air temperature degrees C
humidity Relative humidity percent
press_bar Barometric pressure milliBars
flvolt Sea surface fluorometer readings in voltages, (range 0-5) volts
radiation_l long wave radiation, using a Precision Infrared Radiometer watts/meters2
radiation_s short wave radiation, using a Precision Spectral Pyranometer watts/meters2
yrday_gmtJan. 1 = yrday 0. GMT day and decimal time, as 325.5 for the 326th day of the year, or November 22 at 1200 hours (noon).
yearyear in format yyyy unitless
ISO_DateTime_UTCDate and time following ISO8601 convention. yyyy-MM-dd'T'HH:mm:ss.SS'Z'


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Instruments

Dataset-specific Instrument Name
Photosynthetically Available Radiation Sensors
Generic Instrument Name
Photosynthetically Available Radiation Sensor
Dataset-specific Description
Photosynthetically Available Radiation 400-700nm (PAR), sensor package mounted on ship's science mast.BSI QSR-240
Generic Instrument Description
A PAR sensor measures photosynthetically available (or active) radiation. The sensor measures photon flux density (photons per second per square meter) within the visible wavelength range (typically 400 to 700 nanometers). PAR gives an indication of the total energy available to plants for photosynthesis. This instrument name is used when specific type, make and model are not known.

Dataset-specific Instrument Name
Thermosalinograph
Generic Instrument Name
Thermosalinograph
Dataset-specific Description
Thermosalinograph used to obtain a continuous record of sea surface temperature and salinity.
Generic Instrument Description
A thermosalinograph (TSG) is used to obtain a continuous record of sea surface temperature and salinity. On many research vessels the TSG is integrated into the ship's underway seawater sampling system and reported with the underway or alongtrack data.

Dataset-specific Instrument Name
Anemometer
Generic Instrument Name
Anemometer
Dataset-specific Description
An anemometer is a device for measuring the velocity or the pressure of the wind. Belfort (NBP0103) R.M. Young (LMG0103, LMG0104, LMG0106, LMG0201A, LMG0203, LMG0205, LMG0302, NBP0104, NBP0202, NBP0204)
Generic Instrument Description
An anemometer is a device for measuring the velocity or the pressure of the wind. It is commonly used to measure wind speed. Aboard research vessels, it is often mounted with other meteorological instruments and sensors.

Dataset-specific Instrument Name
Barometer
Generic Instrument Name
Barometer
Dataset-specific Description
A barometer is an instrument used to measure atmospheric pressure. R.M. Young (LMG0103, LMG0104, LMG0106, LMG0201, LMG0203, LMG0205, LMG0302, NBP0104, NBP0202, NBP0204) Atmospheric (NBP0103)
Generic Instrument Description
A barometer is an instrument used to measure atmospheric pressure. There are many types of barometers identified by make and model and method of measurement.

Dataset-specific Instrument Name
Precision Spectral Pyranometer
Generic Instrument Name
Precision Spectral Pyranometer
Dataset-specific Description
Used to measure long wave radiation.Eppley PSP
Generic Instrument Description
This radiometer measures sun and sky irradiance in the range of wavelengths 0.285 to 2.8 microns, including most of the solar spectrum. The PSP is intended to weight the energy flux in all wavelengths equally. It is a "hemispheric receiver" intended to approximate the cosine response for oblique rays. The Eppley Precision Spectral Pyranometer (PSP) is primarily used where high accuracy is required or where it is used to calibrate other pyranometers. The PSP outputs a low level voltage ranging from 0 to a maximum of about 12mV depending on sensor calibration and radiation level. An instruction manual provided by Eppley contains the sensor calibration constant and serial number. The Precision Spectral Pyranometer is a World Meteorological Organization First Class Radiometer and comes with a calibration certificate traceable to the World Radiation Reference and a temperature compensation curve. More information is available from Eppley Labs.

Dataset-specific Instrument Name
Fluorometer
Generic Instrument Name
Fluorometer
Dataset-specific Description
Sea surface fluorometer readings in voltages, (range 0-5) Chelsea model Mk III Aquatracka SN 088080 (NBP0103) Turner 10-AU-005 Lamp: daylight 10-045, reference filter: 10-052, emission filter: 10-051, excitation filter: 10-050 (LMG0103, LMG0104, LMG0201, LMG0203, LMG0205, NBP0104, NBP0202, NBP0204)
Generic Instrument Description
A fluorometer or fluorimeter is a device used to measure parameters of fluorescence: its intensity and wavelength distribution of emission spectrum after excitation by a certain spectrum of light. The instrument is designed to measure the amount of stimulated electromagnetic radiation produced by pulses of electromagnetic radiation emitted into a water sample or in situ.

Dataset-specific Instrument Name
Hygrometer
Generic Instrument Name
Hygrometer
Dataset-specific Description
used to measure relative humidity and/or wet temperature. Rotronics MP-101A-C4 (NBP0103) R.M. Young (LMG0104, LMG0106, LMG0201, LMG0203, LMG0205, LMG0302, NBP0104, NBP0202, NBP0204)
Generic Instrument Description
Hygrometers are used for measuring relative humidity. This term is used when details of the make, model number and measurement principle are not known.

Dataset-specific Instrument Name
Echo Sounder
Generic Instrument Name
Echo sounder - single-beam
Dataset-specific Description
Used to measure the water depth. ODEC Bathy 2000 (NBP0103, NBP0104, NBP0202) Simrad EK200 Sonar (NBP0103, NBP0104, NBP0202) Knudsen 320B/R (LMG0104, LMG0201, LMG0203, LMG0205, LMG0302, NBP0204)
Generic Instrument Description
A single-beam echo sounder is an instrument that measures water depth at a single point below the platform by timing pulses of sound reflected on the seafloor. The echo sounder transmits and receives sound, accurately measuring the time it takes to leave the sounder, reach the bottom and return to the sounder. It then converts this information into digital or graphic representations of the bottom depth and relief. The average echo sounder consists of a transmission and reception unit that sends sound signals through the water, receives and decodes information and converts that information into either a graphic or visual form. Attached to the receiver is a transducer that acts as a microphone and a speaker under the water. Sound waves travel at approximately 1500 m/s through the water dependent on water temperature". more from LMS Technologies

Dataset-specific Instrument Name
Eppley Longwave Radiometer
Generic Instrument Name
Eppley Longwave Radiometer
Generic Instrument Description
The Eppley Precision Infrared Radiometer (PIR) pyrgeometer measures longwave (infrared) radiation. It is housed in a weatherproof titanium canister that has been painted with a very flat black paint that absorbs radiation. A small glass dome at the top of the instrument is covered with an 'interference coating' which allows only infrared radiation to come through. Light levels are detected as temperature changes creating voltages in fine wire coil detectors. more from Eppley Labs


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Deployments

LMG0103

Website
Platform
ARSV Laurence M. Gould
Report
Start Date
2001-03-18
End Date
2001-04-13
Description
Acquisition Description
Along track data, including CTD, MET and navigation information.

Processing Description
This along track (JGOFS) data set was obtained primarily by applying calibrations to raw data and decimating to whole minute intervals. Several fields are derived measurements from more than an single raw input. For example, Course Made Good (cmg) and Speed Over Ground (sog) are calculated from gyro and GPS inputs.Cruises often used '9.99' or '9999' to indicate bad data. Those numbers were changed to 'nd'. Not all bad data were flagged in this way however.

LMG0104

Website
Platform
ARSV Laurence M. Gould
Report
Start Date
2001-04-20
End Date
2001-06-05
Description
Acquisition Description
Along track data, including CTD, MET and navigation information.

Processing Description
This along track (JGOFS) data set was obtained primarily by applying calibrations to raw data and decimating to whole minute intervals. Several fields are derived measurements from more than an single raw input. For example, Course Made Good (cmg) and Speed Over Ground (sog) are calculated from gyro and GPS inputs.Cruises often used '9.99' or '9999' to indicate bad data. Those numbers were changed to 'nd'. Not all bad data were flagged in this way however.

LMG0106

Website
Platform
ARSV Laurence M. Gould
Report
Start Date
2001-07-21
End Date
2001-09-01
Description
Acquisition Description
Along track data, including CTD, MET and navigation information.

Processing Description
This along track (JGOFS) data set was obtained primarily by applying calibrations to raw data and decimating to whole minute intervals. Several fields are derived measurements from more than an single raw input. For example, Course Made Good (cmg) and Speed Over Ground (sog) are calculated from gyro and GPS inputs.Cruises often used '9.99' or '9999' to indicate bad data. Those numbers were changed to 'nd'. Not all bad data were flagged in this way however.

LMG0201A

Website
Platform
ARSV Laurence M. Gould
Report
Start Date
2002-02-06
End Date
2002-03-03
Description
Acquisition Description
Along track data, including CTD, MET and navigation information.

Processing Description
This along track (JGOFS) data set was obtained primarily by applying calibrations to raw data and decimating to whole minute intervals. Several fields are derived measurements from more than an single raw input. For example, Course Made Good (cmg) and Speed Over Ground (sog) are calculated from gyro and GPS inputs.Cruises often used '9.99' or '9999' to indicate bad data. Those numbers were changed to 'nd'. Not all bad data were flagged in this way however.

LMG0203

Website
Platform
ARSV Laurence M. Gould
Report
Start Date
2002-04-07
End Date
2002-05-20
Description
Acquisition Description
Along track data, including CTD, MET and navigation information.

Processing Description
This along track (JGOFS) data set was obtained primarily by applying calibrations to raw data and decimating to whole minute intervals. Several fields are derived measurements from more than an single raw input. For example, Course Made Good (cmg) and Speed Over Ground (sog) are calculated from gyro and GPS inputs.Cruises often used '9.99' or '9999' to indicate bad data. Those numbers were changed to 'nd'. Not all bad data were flagged in this way however.

LMG0205

Website
Platform
ARSV Laurence M. Gould
Report
Start Date
2002-07-29
End Date
2002-09-18
Description
Acquisition Description
Along track data, including CTD, MET and navigation information.

Processing Description
This along track (JGOFS) data set was obtained primarily by applying calibrations to raw data and decimating to whole minute intervals. Several fields are derived measurements from more than an single raw input. For example, Course Made Good (cmg) and Speed Over Ground (sog) are calculated from gyro and GPS inputs.Cruises often used '9.99' or '9999' to indicate bad data. Those numbers were changed to 'nd'. Not all bad data were flagged in this way however.

LMG0302

Website
Platform
ARSV Laurence M. Gould
Report
Start Date
2003-02-13
End Date
2003-03-07
Description
Acquisition Description
Along track data, including CTD, MET and navigation information.

Processing Description
This along track (JGOFS) data set was obtained primarily by applying calibrations to raw data and decimating to whole minute intervals. Several fields are derived measurements from more than an single raw input. For example, Course Made Good (cmg) and Speed Over Ground (sog) are calculated from gyro and GPS inputs.Cruises often used '9.99' or '9999' to indicate bad data. Those numbers were changed to 'nd'. Not all bad data were flagged in this way however.

NBP0103

Website
Platform
RVIB Nathaniel B. Palmer
Report
Start Date
2001-04-24
End Date
2001-06-05
Description
Acquisition Description
Along track data, including CTD, MET and navigation information.

Processing Description
This along track (JGOFS) data set was obtained primarily by applying calibrations to raw data and decimating to whole minute intervals. Several fields are derived measurements from more than an single raw input. For example, Course Made Good (cmg) and Speed Over Ground (sog) are calculated from gyro and GPS inputs.Cruises often used '9.99' or '9999' to indicate bad data. Those numbers were changed to 'nd'. Not all bad data were flagged in this way however.

NBP0104

Website
Platform
RVIB Nathaniel B. Palmer
Report
Start Date
2001-07-22
End Date
2001-08-31
Description
Acquisition Description
Along track data, including CTD, MET and navigation information.

Processing Description
This along track (JGOFS) data set was obtained primarily by applying calibrations to raw data and decimating to whole minute intervals. Several fields are derived measurements from more than an single raw input. For example, Course Made Good (cmg) and Speed Over Ground (sog) are calculated from gyro and GPS inputs.Cruises often used '9.99' or '9999' to indicate bad data. Those numbers were changed to 'nd'. Not all bad data were flagged in this way however.

NBP0202

Website
Platform
RVIB Nathaniel B. Palmer
Report
Start Date
2002-04-09
End Date
2002-05-21
Description
Acquisition Description
Along track data, including CTD, MET and navigation information.

Processing Description
This along track (JGOFS) data set was obtained primarily by applying calibrations to raw data and decimating to whole minute intervals. Several fields are derived measurements from more than an single raw input. For example, Course Made Good (cmg) and Speed Over Ground (sog) are calculated from gyro and GPS inputs.Cruises often used '9.99' or '9999' to indicate bad data. Those numbers were changed to 'nd'. Not all bad data were flagged in this way however.

NBP0204

Website
Platform
RVIB Nathaniel B. Palmer
Report
Start Date
2002-07-31
End Date
2002-09-18
Description
Also see NBP0204 Cruise Data Report

Acquisition Description
Along track data, including CTD, MET and navigation information.

Processing Description
This along track (JGOFS) data set was obtained primarily by applying calibrations to raw data and decimating to whole minute intervals. Several fields are derived measurements from more than an single raw input. For example, Course Made Good (cmg) and Speed Over Ground (sog) are calculated from gyro and GPS inputs.Cruises often used '9.99' or '9999' to indicate bad data. Those numbers were changed to 'nd'. Not all bad data were flagged in this way however.


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Project Information

U.S. GLOBEC Southern Ocean (SOGLOBEC)


Coverage: Southern Ocean


The fundamental objectives of United States Global Ocean Ecosystems Dynamics (U.S. GLOBEC) Program are dependent upon the cooperation of scientists from several disciplines. Physicists, biologists, and chemists must make use of data collected during U.S. GLOBEC field programs to further our understanding of the interplay of physics, biology, and chemistry. Our objectives require quantitative analysis of interdisciplinary data sets and, therefore, data must be exchanged between researchers. To extract the full scientific value, data must be made available to the scientific community on a timely basis.


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Program Information

U.S. GLOBal ocean ECosystems dynamics (U.S. GLOBEC)


Coverage: Global


U.S. GLOBEC (GLOBal ocean ECosystems dynamics) is a research program organized by oceanographers and fisheries scientists to address the question of how global climate change may affect the abundance and production of animals in the sea. The U.S. GLOBEC Program currently had major research efforts underway in the Georges Bank / Northwest Atlantic Region, and the Northeast Pacific (with components in the California Current and in the Coastal Gulf of Alaska). U.S. GLOBEC was a major contributor to International GLOBEC efforts in the Southern Ocean and Western Antarctic Peninsula (WAP).


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Funding

Funding SourceAward
NSF Antarctic Sciences (NSF ANT)
NSF Antarctic Sciences (NSF ANT)

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