|Edmunds, Peter J.||California State University Northridge (CSU-Northridge)||Principal Investigator|
|Biddle, Mathew||Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI BCO-DMO)||BCO-DMO Data Manager|
This study was carried out on shallow reefs along the south coast of St. John, which have been monitored since 1987, and studied since the 1950’s. Three aspects of the time-series analyses are utilized, and the study period exploited concurrent sampling of coral cover, coral recruitment, and the dynamics of small corals (colonies ≤ 40-mm diameter). These aspects of community structure were studied at 5–6 sites at 5–9-m depth between Cabritte Horn and White Point (Figs. 1, S1), and each was added to the study as the project evolved, mostly for purposes other than the one described herein. The longevity and breadth of this study created opportunities for analyses that rarely have been considered in ecological investigations of coral reefs, but the ad hoc evolution of the study resulted in an imperfect match among the components, notably in the 4-m depth range over which the three aspects of community structure were studied. This depth range is ecologically relevant for corals, and interpretation of the present analysis therefore must be constrained by the assumption that temporal variation in coral recruitment, dynamics of small corals, and coral cover is similar between 5 and 9 m depth. Apart from the first two years over which recruitment was measured every ~ 6 months, annual surveys were completed in July and August. Throughout this analysis, study sites, and mean values by site, are treated as statistical replicates of the fringing reefs of St. John.
The entire Excel Workbook, which contains the additional datasets listed below, can be downloaded using the following link: https://datadocs.bco-dmo.org/docs/302/St_John_LTREB/data_docs/Data_for_P...
Coral cover in St. John, US Virgin Islands from 2007-2016: https://www.bco-dmo.org/dataset/750676
Coral mortality and growth in St. John, US Virgin Islands from 2006-2016: https://www.bco-dmo.org/dataset/750710
Coral cover, density, and recruits averages per site in St. John, US Virgin Islands from 2007-2016: https://www.bco-dmo.org/dataset/750740
Coral cover, density, and recruits averages per year in St. John, US Virgin Islands from 2007-2016: https://www.bco-dmo.org/dataset/750771
To provide physical environmental context to enhance the interpretation of coral community dynamics, seawater temperature was recorded at 9-m depth at Yawzi Point using loggers (± 0.2 °C, Model U22-001, Onset Computer Corp., Bourne, MA) recording at 1 mHz. Records were averaged by day and month, and displayed as a line graph of temperature against months within each year.
BCO-DMO Processing Notes:
|Year||year for averaged value in YYYY format||unitless|
|Jan||Averaged seawater temperature value for January||degrees Celsius|
|Feb||Averaged seawater temperature value for February||degrees Celsius|
|March||Averaged seawater temperature value for March||degrees Celsius|
|April||Averaged seawater temperature value for April||degrees Celsius|
|May||Averaged seawater temperature value for May||degrees Celsius|
|June||Averaged seawater temperature value for June||degrees Celsius|
|July||Averaged seawater temperature value for July||degrees Celsius|
|Aug||Averaged seawater temperature value for August||degrees Celsius|
|Sept||Averaged seawater temperature value for September||degrees Celsius|
|Oct||Averaged seawater temperature value for October||degrees Celsius|
|Nov||Averaged seawater temperature value for November||degrees Celsius|
|Dec||Averaged seawater temperature value for December||degrees Celsius|
|Dataset-specific Instrument Name|| |
Onset Temperature Logger
|Generic Instrument Name|| |
|Dataset-specific Description|| |
To provide physical environmental context to enhance the interpretation of coral community dynamics, seawater temperature was recorded at 9-m depth at Yawzi Point using loggers (± 0.2 °C, Model U22-001, Onset Computer Corp., Bourne, MA) recording at 1 mHz.
|Generic Instrument Description|| |
Records temperature data over a period of time.
Describing how ecosystems like coral reefs are changing is at the forefront of efforts to evaluate the biological consequences of global climate change and ocean acidification. Coral reefs have become the poster child of these efforts. Amid concern that they could become ecologically extinct within a century, describing what has been lost, what is left, and what is at risk, is of paramount importance. This project exploits an unrivalled legacy of information beginning in 1987 to evaluate the form in which reefs will persist, and the extent to which they will be able to resist further onslaughts of environmental challenges. This long-term project continues a 27-year study of Caribbean coral reefs. The diverse data collected will allow the investigators to determine the roles of local and global disturbances in reef degradation. The data will also reveal the structure and function of reefs in a future with more human disturbances, when corals may no longer dominate tropical reefs.
The broad societal impacts of this project include advancing understanding of an ecosystem that has long been held emblematic of the beauty, diversity, and delicacy of the biological world. Proposed research will expose new generations of undergraduate and graduate students to natural history and the quantitative assessment of the ways in which our planet is changing. This training will lead to a more profound understanding of contemporary ecology at the same time that it promotes excellence in STEM careers and supports technology infrastructure in the United States. Partnerships will be established between universities and high schools to bring university faculty and students in contact with k-12 educators and their students, allow teachers to carry out research in inspiring coral reef locations, and motivate children to pursue STEM careers. Open access to decades of legacy data will stimulate further research and teaching.
|NSF Division of Environmental Biology (NSF DEB)|
|NSF Division of Environmental Biology (NSF DEB)|