Discrete temperature and DO measured with the HOV Alvin during R/V Atlantis cruise AT26-24 at Dorado Outcrop in December of 2014

Website: https://www.bco-dmo.org/dataset/664335
Data Type: Cruise Results
Version Date: 2016-11-10

» Discovery, sampling, and quantification of flows from cool yet massive ridge-flank hydrothermal springs on Dorado Outcrop, eastern Pacific Ocean (Dorado Outcrop)

» Center for Dark Energy Biosphere Investigations (C-DEBI)
Wheat, C. GeoffreyUniversity of Alaska Fairbanks (UAF)Principal Investigator, Contact
Fisher, AndrewUniversity of California-Santa Cruz (UC Santa Cruz)Co-Principal Investigator
Hulme, SamuelMoss Landing Marine Laboratories (MLML)Co-Principal Investigator
McManus, JamesUniversity of Akron (UAkron)Co-Principal Investigator
Orcutt, Beth N.Bigelow Laboratory for Ocean SciencesCo-Principal Investigator
York, Amber D.Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI BCO-DMO)BCO-DMO Data Manager

Dataset Description

This dataset contains discrete measurements of temperature and dissolved oxygen at Dorado Outcrop during R/V Atlantis cruise AT26-24.  It also includes the time, latitude, and longitude of the Alvin dives that collected the measurements.

Acquisition Description

Temperature measurements were made with the thermal couple on board the HOV Alvin.  The dissolved oxygen concentrations were measured with an Aanderra optode.

The Alvin dives were conducted off the west coast of Costa Rica in the Pacific Ocean at Dorado Outcrop during the R/V Atlantis cruise AT26-24.  For more information about operations of this cruise see the cruise pages which contain links to cruise reports (AT26-24)

Processing Description

The data have not been processed further.

BCO-DMO Processing Notes:

* added a conventional header with dataset name, PI name, version date
* modified parameter names to conform with BCO-DMO naming conventions
* added lat/lon of Alvin dives as listed in the Alvin Dive Log ​​

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dive_idDive identifier for Alvin dive unitless
dive_dateDate (UTC) in format yyyy-mm-dd unitless
dive_latLatitude of Alvin dive where measurement was taken decimal degrees
dive_lonLongitude of Alvin dive where measurement was taken; west is negative. decimal degrees
tempTemperature Degrees Celsius
oxygenDissolved oxygen micromoles per liter (uM)
locationLocation measurement was taken unitless

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Dataset-specific Instrument Name
Generic Instrument Name
Aanderaa Oxygen Optodes
Generic Instrument Description
Aanderaa Oxygen Optodes are instrument for monitoring oxygen in the environment. For instrument information see the Aanderaa Oxygen Optodes Product Brochure.

Dataset-specific Instrument Name
Alvin thermal couple
Generic Instrument Name
Temperature Logger
Dataset-specific Description
Discrete measurements of temperature were made with the thermal couple on board the HOV Alvin. 
Generic Instrument Description
Records temperature data over a period of time.

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R/V Atlantis
Start Date
End Date
Research was conducted on this cruise as part of the C-DEBI project titled "Discovery, sampling, and quantification of flows from cool yet massive ridge-flank hydrothermal springs on Dorado Outcrop, eastern Pacific Ocean" (see: http://www.bco-dmo.org/project/627844).

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Project Information

Discovery, sampling, and quantification of flows from cool yet massive ridge-flank hydrothermal springs on Dorado Outcrop, eastern Pacific Ocean (Dorado Outcrop)

Coverage: Dorado Outcrop near Cocos Ridge (9N, 87W)

Description from NSF award abstract:
Pristine fluids from a typical ridge-flank hydrothermal system have never been sampled, mainly because it has not been possible to locate a site of focused discharge where representative samples could be collected. The PIs have located a small basement feature, Dorado outcrop, on 23 m.y.-old seafloor on the eastern flank of the East Pacific Rise that they plan to sample to determine the fluid composition, and to assess the rate of discharge from the outcrop, so that they can quantify the chemical impact of this hydrothermal system. They plan an 18-day expedition that combines the surveying capabilities of the AUV Sentry (bathymetric, sub-bottom sonar, photo mosaics, water column anomalies) and an ocean-class vessel capable of collecting high-quality multi-beam data and CTD samples, and supporting the survey and sampling capabilities of the ROV Jason II for collection of spring and plume fluids, heat flow data, sediment push cores, and still and video photography. These data and samples will be combined hopefully to generate the first well-constrained estimates of hydrothermal flows from Dorado outcrop. This expedition will result in the collection of samples and data from a "fire hose" of ridge-flank, hydrothermal system, challenging the commonly held view that discharge from ridge flank hydrothermal systems occurs primarily from diffuse seeps.

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Program Information

Center for Dark Energy Biosphere Investigations (C-DEBI)

Coverage: Global

The mission of the Center for Dark Energy Biosphere Investigations (C-DEBI) is to explore life beneath the seafloor and make transformative discoveries that advance science, benefit society, and inspire people of all ages and origins.

C-DEBI provides a framework for a large, multi-disciplinary group of scientists to pursue fundamental questions about life deep in the sub-surface environment of Earth. The fundamental science questions of C-DEBI involve exploration and discovery, uncovering the processes that constrain the sub-surface biosphere below the oceans, and implications to the Earth system. What type of life exists in this deep biosphere, how much, and how is it distributed and dispersed? What are the physical-chemical conditions that promote or limit life? What are the important oxidation-reduction processes and are they unique or important to humankind? How does this biosphere influence global energy and material cycles, particularly the carbon cycle? Finally, can we discern how such life evolved in geological settings beneath the ocean floor, and how this might relate to ideas about the origin of life on our planet?

C-DEBI's scientific goals are pursued with a combination of approaches:
(1) coordinate, integrate, support, and extend the research associated with four major programs—Juan de Fuca Ridge flank (JdF), South Pacific Gyre (SPG), North Pond (NP), and Dorado Outcrop (DO)—and other field sites;
(2) make substantial investments of resources to support field, laboratory, analytical, and modeling studies of the deep subseafloor ecosystems;
(3) facilitate and encourage synthesis and thematic understanding of submarine microbiological processes, through funding of scientific and technical activities, coordination and hosting of meetings and workshops, and support of (mostly junior) researchers and graduate students; and
(4) entrain, educate, inspire, and mentor an interdisciplinary community of researchers and educators, with an emphasis on undergraduate and graduate students and early-career scientists.

Note: Katrina Edwards was a former PI of C-DEBI; James Cowen is a former co-PI.

Data Management:
C-DEBI is committed to ensuring all the data generated are publically available and deposited in a data repository for long-term storage as stated in their Data Management Plan (PDF) and in compliance with the NSF Ocean Sciences Sample and Data Policy. The data types and products resulting from C-DEBI-supported research include a wide variety of geophysical, geological, geochemical, and biological information, in addition to education and outreach materials, technical documents, and samples. All data and information generated by C-DEBI-supported research projects are required to be made publically available either following publication of research results or within two (2) years of data generation.

To ensure preservation and dissemination of the diverse data-types generated, C-DEBI researchers are working with BCO-DMO Data Managers make data publicly available online. The partnership with BCO-DMO helps ensure that the C-DEBI data are discoverable and available for reuse. Some C-DEBI data is better served by specialized repositories (NCBI's GenBank for sequence data, for example) and, in those cases, BCO-DMO provides dataset documentation (metadata) that includes links to those external repositories.

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Funding SourceAward
NSF Division of Ocean Sciences (NSF OCE)
NSF Division of Ocean Sciences (NSF OCE)

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