Oxygen concentrations measured at increasing distances over coral-algal interactions at Moorea, French Polynesia (Vermetids_Corals project)

Website: https://www.bco-dmo.org/dataset/720960
Data Type: Other Field Results
Version: 2017-10-05

Project
» Spatial patterns of coral-vermetid interactions: short-term effects and long-term consequences (Vermetids_Corals)
ContributorsAffiliationRole
Brown, AnyaUniversity of Georgia (UGA)Principal Investigator, Contact
Osenberg, CraigUniversity of Georgia (UGA)Co-Principal Investigator
Biddle, MathewWoods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI BCO-DMO)BCO-DMO Data Manager


Coverage

Spatial Extent: N:-17.47279 E:-149.78277 S:-17.48365 W:-149.84698

Dataset Description

Belongs to set of datasets that evaluate how vermetid (Ceraesignum maximum) modify physical and chemical conditions above coral-algal interactions (i.e., light, flow and oxygen).

Oxygen concentrations measured at increasing distances over coral-algal interactions in the presence and absence of vermetid mucus nets in the light, in low and high flow.

Related Datasets:


Acquisition Description

Experiments and surveys were conducted in the field to determine how vermtetids affect light, flow and oxygen concentrations. Below are the methods for the experiment:

Samples are cores removed from the field with intact interactions (half massive Porites corals and half algal turf). Samples were removed with pneumatic drill with a hole saw attachment.

Oxygen concentration profiles were measured using a PreSens needle microsensor oxygen probe (diameter: <50 μm) attached to a PreSens Microx TX3 system (PreSens Precision Sensing GmbH). The probe was attached to a micromanipulator, which allowed fine-scale, precise motion to measure oxygen concentration profiles. The probe was lowered through the net to the coral surface.


Processing Description

BCO-DMO Processing:

  • added conventional header with dataset name, PI name, version date
  • modified parameter names to conform with BCO-DMO naming conventions
  • added ISO Date format generated from date and time values

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Parameters

ParameterDescriptionUnits
HeightDistance from the surface (starting at 0) UNKNOWN (REQUESTING FROM SUBMITTER)
ID_15LNetHiATCore ID 15; Light; Net; High Flow; Algal Turf micromole per liter (umol/L)
ID_15LNonHiATCore ID 15; Light; No Net; High Flow; Algal Turf micromole per liter (umol/L)
ID_18LNetHiATCore ID 18; Light; Net; High Flow; Algal Turf micromole per liter (umol/L)
ID_18LNonHiATCore ID 18; Light; No Net; High Flow; Algal Turf micromole per liter (umol/L)
ID_20LNetHiATCore ID 20; Light; Net; High Flow; Algal Turf micromole per liter (umol/L)
ID_20LNonHiATCore ID 20; Light; No Net; High Flow; Algal Turf micromole per liter (umol/L)
ID_21LNetHiATCore ID 21; Light; Net; High Flow; Algal Turf micromole per liter (umol/L)
ID_21LNonHiATCore ID 21; Light; No Net; High Flow; Algal Turf micromole per liter (umol/L)
ID_22LNetHiATCore ID 22; Light; Net; High Flow; Algal Turf micromole per liter (umol/L)
ID_22LNonHiATCore ID 22; Light; No Net; High Flow; Algal Turf micromole per liter (umol/L)
ID_29LNetHiATCore ID 29; Light; Net; High Flow; Algal Turf micromole per liter (umol/L)
ID_29LNonHiATCore ID 29; Light; No Net; High Flow; Algal Turf micromole per liter (umol/L)
ID_5LNetLoATCore ID 5; Light; Net; Low Flow; Algal Turf micromole per liter (umol/L)
ID_5LNoNLoATCore ID 5; Light; No Net; Low Flow; Algal Turf micromole per liter (umol/L)
ID_14LNetLoATCore ID 14; Light; Net; Low Flow; Algal Turf micromole per liter (umol/L)
ID_14LNoNLoATCore ID 14; Light; No Net; Low Flow; Algal Turf micromole per liter (umol/L)
ID_15LNetLoATCore ID 15; Light; Net; Low Flow; Algal Turf micromole per liter (umol/L)
ID_15LNoNLoATCore ID 15; Light; No Net; Low Flow; Algal Turf micromole per liter (umol/L)
ID_18LNetLoATCore ID 18; Light; Net; Low Flow; Algal Turf micromole per liter (umol/L)
ID_18LNoNLoATCore ID 18; Light; No Net; Low Flow; Algal Turf micromole per liter (umol/L)
ID_20LNetLoATCore ID 20; Light; Net; Low Flow; Algal Turf micromole per liter (umol/L)
ID_20LNoNLoATCore ID 20; Light; No Net; Low Flow; Algal Turf micromole per liter (umol/L)
ID_21LNetLoATCore ID 21; Light; Net; Low Flow; Algal Turf micromole per liter (umol/L)
ID_21LNoNLoATCore ID 21; Light; No Net; Low Flow; Algal Turf micromole per liter (umol/L)
ID_22LNetLoATCore ID 22; Light; Net; Low Flow; Algal Turf micromole per liter (umol/L)
ID_22LNoNLoATCore ID 22; Light; No Net; Low Flow; Algal Turf micromole per liter (umol/L)
ID_29LNetLoATCore ID 29; Light; Net; Low Flow; Algal Turf micromole per liter (umol/L)
ID_29LNoNLoATCore ID 29; Light; No Net; Low Flow; Algal Turf micromole per liter (umol/L)
ID_14LNetHiCorCore ID 14; Light; Net; High Flow; Coral micromole per liter (umol/L)
ID_14LNoNHiCorCore ID 14; Light; No Net; High Flow; Coral micromole per liter (umol/L)
ID_15LNetHiCorCore ID 15; Light; Net; High Flow; Coral micromole per liter (umol/L)
ID_15LNoNHiCorCore ID 15; Light; No Net; High Flow; Coral micromole per liter (umol/L)
ID_18LNetHiCorCore ID 18; Light; Net; High Flow; Coral micromole per liter (umol/L)
ID_18LNoNHiCorCore ID 18; Light; No Net; High Flow; Coral micromole per liter (umol/L)
ID_21LNetHiCorCore ID 21; Light; Net; High Flow; Coral micromole per liter (umol/L)
ID_21LNoNHiCorCore ID 21; Light; No Net; High Flow; Coral micromole per liter (umol/L)
ID_22LNetHiCorCore ID 22; Light; Net; High Flow; Coral micromole per liter (umol/L)
ID_22LNoNHiCorCore ID 22; Light; No Net; High Flow; Coral micromole per liter (umol/L)
ID_29LNetHiCorCore ID 29; Light; Net; High Flow; Coral micromole per liter (umol/L)
ID_29LNoNHiCorCore ID 29; Light; No Net; High Flow; Coral micromole per liter (umol/L)
ID_37LNetHiCorCore ID 37; Light; Net; High Flow; Coral micromole per liter (umol/L)
ID_37LNoNHiCorCore ID 37; Light; No Net; High Flow; Coral micromole per liter (umol/L)
ID_15LNetLoCorCore ID 15; Light; Net; Lo Flow; Coral micromole per liter (umol/L)
ID_15LNoNLoCorCore ID 15; Light; No Net; Lo Flow; Coral micromole per liter (umol/L)
ID_18LNetLoCorCore ID 18; Light; Net; Lo Flow; Coral micromole per liter (umol/L)
ID_18LNoNLoCorCore ID 18; Light; No Net; Lo Flow; Coral micromole per liter (umol/L)
ID_21LNetLoCorCore ID 21; Light; Net; Lo Flow; Coral micromole per liter (umol/L)
ID_21LNoNLoCorCore ID 21; Light; No Net; Lo Flow; Coral micromole per liter (umol/L)
ID_22LNetLoCorCore ID 22; Light; Net; Lo Flow; Coral micromole per liter (umol/L)
ID_22LNoNLoCorCore ID 22; Light; No Net; Lo Flow; Coral micromole per liter (umol/L)
ID_29LNetLoCorCore ID 29; Light; Net; Lo Flow; Coral micromole per liter (umol/L)
ID_29LNoNLoCorCore ID 29; Light; No Net; Lo Flow; Coral micromole per liter (umol/L)
ID_37LNetLoCorCore ID 37; Light; Net; Lo Flow; Coral micromole per liter (umol/L)
ID_37LNoNLoCorCore ID 37; Light; No Net; Lo Flow; Coral micromole per liter (umol/L)
ID_5LNetHiIntCore ID 5; Light; Net; High Flow; Interface micromole per liter (umol/L)
ID_5LNoNHiIntCore ID 5; Light; No Net; High Flow; Interface micromole per liter (umol/L)
ID_14LNetHiIntCore ID 14; Light; Net; High Flow; Interface micromole per liter (umol/L)
ID_14LNoNHiIntCore ID 14; Light; No Net; High Flow; Interface micromole per liter (umol/L)
ID_15LNetHiIntCore ID 15; Light; Net; High Flow; Interface micromole per liter (umol/L)
ID_15LNoNHiIntCore ID 15; Light; No Net; High Flow; Interface micromole per liter (umol/L)
ID_18LNetHiIntCore ID 18; Light; Net; High Flow; Interface micromole per liter (umol/L)
ID_18LNoNHiIntCore ID 18; Light; No Net; High Flow; Interface micromole per liter (umol/L)
ID_20LNetHiIntCore ID 20; Light; Net; High Flow; Interface micromole per liter (umol/L)
ID_20LNoNHiIntCore ID 20; Light; No Net; High Flow; Interface micromole per liter (umol/L)
ID_21LNetHiIntCore ID 21; Light; Net; High Flow; Interface micromole per liter (umol/L)
ID_21LNoNHiIntCore ID 21; Light; No Net; High Flow; Interface micromole per liter (umol/L)
ID_22LNetHiIntCore ID 22; Light; Net; High Flow; Interface micromole per liter (umol/L)
ID_22LNoNHiIntCore ID 22; Light; No Net; High Flow; Interface micromole per liter (umol/L)
ID_29LNetHiIntCore ID 29; Light; Net; High Flow; Interface micromole per liter (umol/L)
ID_29LNoNHiIntCore ID 29; Light; No Net; High Flow; Interface micromole per liter (umol/L)
ID_5LNetLoIntCore ID 5; Light; Net; Low Flow; Interface micromole per liter (umol/L)
ID_5LNoNLoIntCore ID 5; Light; No Net; Low Flow; Interface micromole per liter (umol/L)
ID_14LNetLoIntCore ID 14; Light; Net; Low Flow; Interface micromole per liter (umol/L)
ID_14LNoNLoIntCore ID 14; Light; No Net; Low Flow; Interface micromole per liter (umol/L)
ID_15LNetLoIntCore ID 15; Light; Net; Low Flow; Interface micromole per liter (umol/L)
ID_15LNoNLoIntCore ID 15; Light; No Net; Low Flow; Interface micromole per liter (umol/L)
ID_18LNetLoIntCore ID 18; Light; Net; Low Flow; Interface micromole per liter (umol/L)
ID_18LNoNLoIntCore ID 18; Light; No Net; Low Flow; Interface micromole per liter (umol/L)
ID_20LNetLoIntCore ID 20; Light; Net; Low Flow; Interface micromole per liter (umol/L)
ID_20LNoNLoIntCore ID 20; Light; No Net; Low Flow; Interface micromole per liter (umol/L)
ID_21LNetLoIntCore ID 21; Light; Net; Low Flow; Interface micromole per liter (umol/L)
ID_21LNoNLoIntCore ID 21; Light; No Net; Low Flow; Interface micromole per liter (umol/L)
ID_22LNetLoIntCore ID 22; Light; Net; Low Flow; Interface micromole per liter (umol/L)
ID_22LNoNLoIntCore ID 22; Light; No Net; Low Flow; Interface micromole per liter (umol/L)
ID_29LNetLoIntCore ID 29; Light; Net; Low Flow; Interface micromole per liter (umol/L)
ID_29LNoNLoIntCore ID 29; Light; No Net; Low Flow; Interface micromole per liter (umol/L)


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Instruments

Dataset-specific Instrument Name
PreSens needle microsensor oxygen probe
Generic Instrument Name
Dissolved Oxygen Sensor
Dataset-specific Description
Oxygen concentration profiles were measured using a PreSens needle microsensor oxygen probe (diameter:
Generic Instrument Description
An electronic device that measures the proportion of oxygen (O2) in the gas or liquid being analyzed


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Deployments

Osenberg_et_al_Moorea

Website
Platform
Osenberg et al Moorea
Start Date
2003-05-19
End Date
2015-07-12


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Project Information

Spatial patterns of coral-vermetid interactions: short-term effects and long-term consequences (Vermetids_Corals)

Coverage: Moorea, French Polynesia (-17.48 degrees S, -149.82 degrees W)


Description from NSF abstract:
Ecological surprises are most likely to be manifest in diverse communities where many interactions remain uninvestigated. Coral reefs harbor much of the world's biodiversity, and recent studies by the investigators suggest that one overlooked, but potentially important, biological interaction involves vermetid gastropods. Vermetid gastropods are nonmobile, tube-building snails that feed via an extensive mucus net. Vermetids reduce coral growth by up to 80%, and coral survival by as much as 60%. Because effects vary among coral taxa, vermetids may substantially alter the structure of coral communities as well as the community of fishes and invertebrates that inhabit the coral reef.

The investigators will conduct a suite of experimental and observational studies that: 1) quantify the effects of four species of vermetids across coral species to assess if species effects and responses are concordant or idiosyncratic; 2) use meta-analysis to compare effects of vermetids relative to other coral stressors and determine the factors that influence variation in coral responses; 3) determine the role of coral commensals that inhabit the branching coral, Pocillopora, and evaluate how the development of the commensal assemblage modifies the deleterious effects of vermetids; 4) determine how vermetid mucus nets affect the local environment of corals and evaluate several hypotheses about proposed mechanisms; and 5) assess the long-term implications of vermetids on coral communities and the fishes and invertebrates that depend on the coral.

Note: The Principal Investigator, Dr. Craig W. Osenberg, was at the University of Florida at the time the NSF award was granted. Dr. Osenberg moved to the University of Georgia during the summer of 2014 (current contact information).



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Funding

Funding SourceAward
NSF Division of Ocean Sciences (NSF OCE)

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