Dataset: Suppl 3a: core microbiome
Deployment: Burkepile_FL_Keys

Core microbiome
Principal Investigator: 
Deron Burkepile (Florida International University, FIU)
Co-Principal Investigator: 
Rebecca Vega Thurber (Florida International University, FIU)
BCO-DMO Data Manager: 
Nancy Copley (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, WHOI BCO-DMO)

This dataset contains microbial orders comprising the core microbiome across all samples as measured by taxa prevalence, from Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary. Cyanobacteria, Bacteroidetes and Actinobacteria were most abundant in all coral genera, with a core set of 13 bacterial orders in ≥95% of all samples. Published in  Nature Communications (2016) doi:10.1038/ncomms11833, Supplementary Data 3a.

Natural history of the study site: 
This experiment was conducted in the area of Pickles Reef (24.99430, -80.40650), located east of Key Largo, Florida in the United States. The Florida Keys reef tract consists of a large bank reef system located approximately 8 km offshore of the Florida Keys, USA, and paralleling the island chain. Our study reef is a 5-6 m deep spur and groove reef system within this reef tract. The reefs of the Florida Keys have robust herbivorous fish populations and are relatively oligotrophic. Coral cover on most reefs in the Florida Keys, including our site, is 5-10%, while macroalgal cover averages ~15%, but ranges from 0-70% depending on location and season. Parrotfishes (Scaridae) and surgeonfishes (Acanthuridae) are the dominant herbivores on these reefs as fishing for them was banned in 1981. The other important herbivore on Caribbean reefs, the urchin Diadema antillarum, remains at low densities across the Florida Keys following the mass mortality event in 1982-3.

Related Reference:
Zaneveld, J.R., D.E. Burkepile, A.A. Shantz, C. Pritchard, R. McMinds, J. Payet, R. Welsh, A.M.S. Correa, N.P. Lemoine, S. Rosales, C.E. Fuchs, and R. Vega Thurber (2016) Overfishing, nutrient pollution, and temperature interact to disrupt coral reefs down to microbial scales. Nature Communications 7:11833 doi:10.1038/ncomms11833 Supplementary Information

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